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Limestone Coast

Penola, SA

The history of this region is shared with that of the Coonawarra region, which it adjoins for most of its boundary from south-east to north-west. The first vines in the region were planted in the 1890s and became more prominent in the 1950s. One of mainland Australia’s most southerly wine producing regions, it is located 360km south-east of Adelaide.

The region spans several distinctive landscape features, all remnants of an ancient coastal dune/back-swamp system. The region is flat, at an elevation of 60m. On the eastern side is the Naracoorte Range, an undulating range formed on the cemented sands of an old dune. To the west of the range is a very gently undulating plain underlain by clay sediments.

The climate is characterised by moderate, winter-dominant rainfall, moderate temperatures during the growing season, and moderate solar radiation. Rainfall is high during the vintage month of April. Maturity is in April when conditions are close to optimal for both shiraz and cabernet sauvignon. The total production from the Limestone Coast of South Australia is used almost exclusively for the production of table wine.

Fruit from the Tyrrell’s Limestone Coast vineyard is machine harvested and partially machine pruned. Must juice is then transported back to Tyrrell’s winery in the Hunter to complete its transformation into wine

Area Under Vine:   40 acres
Grape Varieties:    Cabernet sauvignon, shiraz, merlot, pinot noir
Average Yield:        3 - 4 tonnes/acre
Map Coordinates: 37°18'S
Altitude:                   60m
Soil Type:                Terra rossa
Climate:                  Cool, continental with cold winters
Annual Rainfall:     600 - 700mm
Mean January
temperature:         19.6°C
Irrigation:                Drip irrigation
Primary Brands:    Rufus Stone and Old Winery